Cat Breeds

Siamese cat

This is a very specific breed, both in appearance and character. Siamese cat has a fiery temperament. He hates loneliness and must always be close to man.


Siamese cat has a fiery temperament and spontaneous character. He hates loneliness and badly tolerates any separation – he must be close to “his” man. He can loudly and persistently ask for caresses. With this method, he usually always gets what he wants. This is a typical extrovert in cat’s skin.

He is a very demanding pet, but he reciprocates with exceptional devotion and love, which he feels free to show. He loves to play with his guardian, he is a great friend. He is extremely sensitive and gives him such a strong feeling that sometimes he is possessive of the person he likes the most. The condition for making friendship is, therefore, devoting a large amount of time, but only on cat terms.

Do not be fooled by the aristocratic features of Siam. Behind the distinguished facade is unusual spontaneity. It is necessary to provide him with a lot of entertainment so that he can escape the overflowing energy. You can also use it by teaching Siam various tricks – coming on call, jumping on orders, bringing toys. 15 minutes a day of fun with a caregiver is not enough for him. After playing, the Siamese cat will probably look for a warm place for a nap and most likely it will be someone’s knees.

Siamese cat talks to people in a voice about a thousand intonations. She needs a lot of attention and is eager to ask for it. His mewing can be loud and piercing, as well as quiet and gentle as cooing. Sometimes it resembles a screaming child. Depending on the situation, it modulates the timbre of the voice like an experienced singer. He can complain when something does not suit him – for example, when he has not been petted for a long time. His meowing increases when he is ignored, so it’s better to answer him right away!

Siamese cat

He seems to sense human moods, comforting in sadness and sickness. Siamese cat will be a great companion for a person who stays most of the time at home, unless he is elderly. The vitality of a kitten of this breed could tire someone who avoids activity and values ​​peace too much. Siamese cat doesn’t like to be ignored, he must always be in the spotlight. In the event of rejection, he demands adoration and interest.

Siamese cat is smart, brave, inquisitive, bold – he easily makes contacts and likes visiting guests. He feels good in the presence of another cat or dog, but usually, he rules in a group. He is very clever and always willing to have fun. Perfectly hunts. He should face many challenges and take care of his physical and mental condition. Bored, he will be unhappy.

Siamese cat. Advantages and disadvantages

Siamese cat – what is it like? Learn its pros and cons!


  • some individuals have congenital genetic defects
  • very active, high scratching post recommended
  • requires daily attention and adoration by the guardian, in the absence of them will demand interest, can be jealous
  • he doesn’t like loneliness, he shouldn’t be alone
  • vocalizes loudly and often
  • intensively marks the area with urine (until castration)
  • has a dominant character – he gets along with other cats, but on the condition that he will rule


  • sociable, not afraid of strangers
  • not requiring care
  • long-lived, lives up to 20 years
  • cheerful and active, loves fun
  • intelligent, learns tricks quickly
  • very emotional, he gets attached to his guardian and is still showing it to him
  • a great companion for children and people who spend a lot of time at home
Siamese cat

Siamese cat. Health

Possible congenital genetic defects – progressive retinal degeneration (PRA), gangliosidosis, polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Some cats have strabismus or nystagmus – these, fortunately, do not carry any ailment. Interestingly, squint changes its position with age. All Siamese kittens are born with a divergent squint. Then, over time, the defect turns into convergent strabismus. Initially, the eyeballs are in a parallel position, and then they turn inward. Sometimes there is a tail curvature, now considered a defect.

Siamese cats can also have type VI mucopolysaccharidosis. This mainly manifests as skeletal changes. Sometimes joint degeneration or dwarfism can be observed, and internal organs can also be affected.

His ability to see in the dark is limited. This is because the Siamese cat is devoid of a reflective film in the eye that allows reflection. This makes it less active at night.

Breeding cats should have tests for FIV and FeLV, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and eye diseases. Genetic predisposition to diseases in Siamese cats also includes palate disorders.

Very often, excessive eating of wool can be observed, which causes numerous gastrointestinal complaints. Most siam has an excellent appetite, which is why keeping a slim figure in such a cat is a challenge for many carers.


Siamese cats, like other cats, should be fed high-quality ready-made or natural type food. Castrated and sterilized cats should receive special food for castrates.


Siamese cat does not require complicated or time-consuming care. All you need is a thick comb and a hairbrush. We comb the dead hair with a comb, remove the dust with a brush, smoothen it with a chamois cloth and it’s ready. We do it once a week. Remember to check your ears and trim your claws.

Siamese cat

Siamese cat. History

The origin of the Siamese cat has not been fully explained. It is practically impossible, but certainly, this breed originates in Asia (although some believe that it is from Egypt). Probably his ancestors were Bengal, Nubian and Asian domestic cats. More than 400 years ago drawings of this cat were made. In the ” Book of poems about cats ” created in Ayutthaya, the capital of the kingdom of Siam from around 1350, from the collection of the National Library in Bangkok, there is a description of a bright cat with characteristic dark markings on the limbs, tail and ears, which looks very reminiscent Siam. This confirms that the Siamese cat already existed many centuries ago in what is now Thailand.

In Siam, he was associated with the most eminent courts and temples, which is why he was often called the “royal cat of Siam.” According to one legend, the Siamese cat served as a “vessel” for the souls of the dead. When someone was dying, one of the cats was chosen, in whose body the spirit of the deceased was to penetrate. Then the cat was posted to the temple, where he was worshiped and fed with the best possible food, he lived to old age. The cat was also assigned the role of a temple guard, because thanks to his meowing he warned monks when a stranger was approaching.

One legend tells of a Siamese cat who was supposed to guard a temple vase of special significance. The holy cat took over his task so much that he wrapped his tail on her and got strabismus from staring at her constantly. This was explained by the fact that old Siamese cats tended to have eye defects and broken tails. Another legend says that the broken tail was a consequence of wearing heavy rings of the princess on it, the protection of which was also entrusted to holy murmurers. Today these traits (squint and broken tail) are considered breed defects and are carefully eliminated in the breeding process.

Therefore, the Siamese cat enjoyed great respect in its homeland and was rarely offered as a gift to foreigners. That is why this wonderful breed was unknown in the world until the end of the 19th century, when in 1884 the ruler of Siam gave a park of cats named Pho and Mia to British consul Sir Edward Blencowe Gould, stationed in Bangkok. He gave the cats to his sister and she presented them a year later along with three of their young at an exhibition in 1885 in London’s Crystal Palace. There, the Siamese cat finally achieved its first success. Although not everyone liked it. One of the journalists of The Daily Telegraph wrote that the Siamese cat is unattractive and its colors emphasize the similarity with pug puppies. Others appreciated the elegance and delicate fur of the “new” at the exhibition.

The first Siamese cats reached European zoos as an attraction for visitors. They did not arouse special interest at exhibitions. Initially, most of the Siam imported to Europe quickly died out, mainly due to nutritional errors and inadequate conditions in which they were kept.

In 1879, Siamese cats were transported to the United States (one Siam cat as a gift for the wife of President Rutherford B. Hayes from the consul in Bangkok) and this is how the period of their enormous popularity began today. Despite the difficulties, in 1890 managed breeding was started. In 1892, the first pattern was developed in England, which was later modified. In 1909, the first association of fans of the breed was founded. One of the precursors of the breeding was Forestier Walker, the owner of a tomcat named Tiam O’Siam III and the founder of the Siam Cat Club.

Breeding programs led to the creation of cats very different from the original individuals, with a more elongated body, a more pointed mouth and a wider range of color. In the past, the Siamese cat was quite massive, with slightly rounded shapes. Today, however, it is slim, has long limbs and a slim, elastic figure. From the beginning, however, he was required to have a marten-face characteristic of the breed. The new trend led to the breaking of the Siamese world. Siameses with an “old” appearance are today called traditional or Thai Siamese cats (old style). In contrast, slender individuals are a modern type (modern style). Some breeders are seeking recognition of traditional cats as a separate breed.


Siamese cat – new type Siamese – siamese – Siamese and Oriental cats – IV cat. FIFe

EMS code: SIA

  • Origin: Thailand (former Siam)
  • Character: friendly, sociable, intelligent, curious, sometimes dominant.
  • Activity: very active, loves fun and challenges from small to later old age.
  • Size: medium size, graceful, slim and elegant.
  • Weight: female 2.5-3.5 kg, male 3.5-4.5 kg
  • Body: shapely, elegant, body line fluid and flexible; elongated, with well-defined muscles.
  • Head shape: of medium size, proportional to the rest of the body, wedge-shaped – the wedge begins at the nose and extends gradually to the ears; convex skull; chin and jaws are strong, the mouth is delicate. Long and elegant neck.
  • Ears:  large, broad at the root, set low at the extension of the wedge line, pointed, covered with delicate hair inside, should constitute two vertices of the triangle.
  • Eyes: almond-shaped, clearly oblique, with penetrating gaze; always blue.
  • Nose: Long and straight, without a hollow at the root.
  • Tail: long, thin at the root, tapering to a thin tip; it is broken.
  • Limbs: long and slender, muscular – hindleg slightly longer than the forelegs; small and oval feet.
  • Coat: very short, supple, delicate, shiny, smoothly adhering to the skin; no undercoat.
  • Color: point coat, which means that it has the so-called mask, i.e. darker areas on the mouth, ears, paws and tail. The rest is more or less light basic color. In males, the scrotum also has the color of signs. Color is allowed light shading on the sides of the torso. A clear contrast between the main color and the color of meanings is required; dark brown signs (seal-point) – this color is associated with classic siamese and considered the most attractive, dark coloration of the tips creates the clearest contrast with the light color of the rest of the body, blue (bluepoint), chocolate (chocolatepoint), lilac (lilacpoint), cream (creampoint), red (redpoint), brindle (tabbypoint) and tortie (tortiepoint); the white variety is also known, foreign white with undisclosed hereditary propensities.
  • Resistance/susceptibility to diseases: resistant, but may be burdened with genetic diseases.
  • Lifespan:  approx. 15-20 years

Interesting facts

Kittens are born white and staining begins only with the passage of time. This process occurs a few days after birth, with time the tail and feet naturally darken. The older the siam, the more progressive the darkening process – the older individuals are more clearly colored than young cats.

Siamese cat can live up to 20 years in good conditions. It is due to the fact that once treated royally, it has preserved the gene of longevity.

They reach sexual maturity early – often at the age of 5-7 months. Up to 7 kittens can be born in one litter.

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