Cat Breeds

Manx cat

Manx cat is a cat from the Isle of Man, whose distinctive feature is its naturally short tail.


Manx is characterized by high intelligence, balance and loyalty. They are very friendly, gentle and family. They can coexist with dogs. Eager to play, they like to jump on the elevations. Curious, they learn to open cupboards or doors. They like to show their feelings by issuing various sounds, e.g. cooing. Some choose one person, others give the whole family affection.

Manx cat. Advantages and disadvantages


  • some individuals have neurological problems associated with the mutated gene
  • breed hard to reach


  • nice friendly companion
  • calm, unobtrusive, likes to be close to a man
  • gets along with another cat and also with a dog
  • he even finds himself in a small apartment
  • easy to care for
  • generally healthy and resilient
Manx cat


The anatomical structure of the Isle of Man cat is slightly different from other breeds. His silhouette resembles a rabbit. The forefeet are a little shorter than most cats, while the hind paws are slightly contracted and strong and muscular. In the sitting position, these cats form a characteristic hump on the back, due to short front paws.

In the place where a normal cat’s tail begins, many Manx has a shallow depression, visible from under the slightly tousled coat. This variety is called rumpy. However, not all Manx is completely tailless. In cats called stumpy, the tail appears in the residual form. The trait of missing or shortening of the tail is caused by the dominant gene, which is lethal in a homozygous form – it causes the death of embryos that received a copy of the gene from the mother and from the father in the womb.

All cats without a tail or with a shortened tail are heterozygous (they have one mutated and one normal gene). In contrast, some non-tailed or short-tailed cats may have spinal deformities, partial paralysis, anal prolapse, and other nervous system disorders. Ailments associated with it manifest themselves before the fourth month of life, hence the best breeders do not sell cats under this age.

Despite the lack of a tail and the hopping gait of some individuals, most of the manx is no worse in life than other cats. They perfectly hunt mice and rats. Like other cats, they fall on four paws (the tail is helpful, but not necessary). They show the characteristics of European cats, making them more durable and resistant to diseases than many other purebred cats.


He should receive good quality food adapted to age and activity as well as other needs (e.g. for castrates).


The manx cat is undemanding. It is recommended to comb once a week to get rid of dead hair. Slightly more attention is required for the coat of the long-haired variety – especially those cats should be given laxative preparations. It is also worth checking your ears regularly and trimming your nails.

Manx cat

Manx cat. History

When Noah hurriedly loaded the animals onto his ark, the cat was supposedly the last passenger. A massive door was just slamming when a belated tomcat slid into the dry interior. In confusion and rush, his tail was pinched and remained outside. That’s what the legend says about the origin of the tailless cat from the Isle of Man, otherwise known as the mank. However, the reality was more prosaic.

The images of cats with short or residual tails are found in many old Chinese and Japanese paintings. Perhaps such “mutants” in the 16th century were brought to the Isle of Man, lying in the Irish Sea, west of the coast of England, by galleons flowing from the Far East. According to another theory, they are the descendants of cats from Spanish galleons broken by the English at the end of the 16th century. Those who managed to beat the sea waves and reach the land were the only cats on a small island. By hunting rodents and fish, they laid the foundations for a future cat community. And because they were only associated with each other, the genetic defect that suddenly appeared became established in the population.

Manx cat

The International Federation of Cat Breeders (FIFe) recognized the breed as early as 1949. If it were to make the decision to recognize the manx now, it might be more difficult, because it has decided to fight genetic anomalies in cats.

However, this breed is very popular in Great Britain. It is also often bred in France, Japan, the Scandinavian countries and the United States. In the USA, thanks to crossbreeds of the Isle of Man cats, among others maincoons and persians, a long-haired variety of tailless cats known under the name cymric was bred. In Great Britain she is sometimes called a Welsh cat. FIFe recognized this variety in 2006.


Manx cat – Shorthair and Somali cats – III cat. FIFe

EMS code: MAN – short
– haired manx cat EMS code: CYM – long-haired manx cat
  • Origin:  Isle of Man, United Kingdom
  • Character:  stable, moderately active, friendly; very loyal and intelligent, resembles a dog in behavior
  • Activity:  average, likes climbing
  • Size:  medium, females slightly smaller than males
  • Weight:  males 4.5-5.5 kg, females 3.5-4.5
  • General appearance: A  characteristic feature of its appearance is the short ridge and deep sides
  • Head:  quite large and round, with a chubby appearance
  • Ears:  medium size
  • Nose:  Medium long, without a clear breakthrough
  • Eyes:  large and round, with a color corresponding to the color of British cats, but it is not that important
  • Torso:  strong and firm, wide chest, short back, deep sides.
  • Tail: the  pattern is distinguished by 3 varieties: rumpy – complete absence of a tail, depression in this place; rumpy riser – there is a slight convexity of the sacrum (and not coccyx); stumpy – there is a short tail, which, however, should not be longer than 3 cm, nor should it be bent or bent; in practice, there are also non-show varieties called: stubby – a cat with a shortened tail, e.g. 1/2; taily / longy – almost full length or full tail
  • Coat:  two varieties – short-haired and long-haired;
  • Ointment:  all colors allowed, also with any amount of whiteness
  • Resistance/susceptibility to diseases:  resistant
  • Lifespan:  8-14 years (diseased cats live 3-5 years)

Interesting facts

Even after two tailless individuals, kittens with normal long tails can be born, which inherited from each parent a non-mutated version of the gene. It is therefore impossible to breed only tailless or short-tailed cats. Interestingly, however, the mutated gene is somehow preferred for sperm formation, because in a male sperm carrying this gene can constitute as much as 70% instead of the expected 50%. Therefore, more cats with the mutation are born than it should follow from a simple calculus of probability.

In 2013, as many as 4 different mutations in the T gene were found at manx, including for tail development. They all cause tail shortening. One of these mutations had 95% short-tailed manx, which means that in addition there must be at least one mutation with a similar effect. The presence of one of these mutations was also found in the American bobtail and pixie-bob breeds.

Koko, a gorilla known for knowing more than 1,000 words in a modified American sign language, had a manx female. On the occasion of her 12th birthday, she was allowed to choose a kitten from the litter. She chose the gray-white tailless cat, which she called All Ball. She loved her very much, unfortunately, the kitten was hit by a car. Then Koko had two other cats.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *