Cat Breeds

European shorthair cat

The European Shorthair cat (also called the Celtic cat) is a natural breed of a domestic cat from Europe.


European Shorthair cat is a very heterogeneous breed. Among these cats, you can find a whole range of characters – from calm sandwiches to lively and talkative specimens. However, most Europeans are very active cats with a strong hunting instinct and a great need for movement and play. They are usually friendly and sociable, thanks to which they will find themselves both at home with a dog, and in a larger family.

European Shorthair is an intelligent animal that requires attention and tenderness from its guardians. However, these cats are quite independent and usually, they decide when it is time to play or stroke. They are happy to use the garden or the reticulated balcony, where they closely watch the flying birds.

European shorthair cat

European shorthair cat. Advantages and disadvantages

European Shorthair – how is it? Learn its pros and cons!


  • a clean breed is difficult to access
  • unpredictable character


  • resistant to diseases
  • not requiring care
  • easily acclimatized
  • rather friendly, likes the company of people
  • likes fun
  • accepts other animals

European shorthair cat. Health

Most cats of this breed are strong and extremely resistant to diseases. Of congenital genetic defects, only hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can occur.

European shorthair cat


The European Shorthair should be fed high-quality food with high meat content. It is also possible to feed this breed a properly composed and supplemented BARF diet. It is important to give the cat an exactly measured amount of food and be careful when giving treats. Otherwise, it is easy to lead the cat to obesity.


European cats are extremely easy to care for. Thick fur just brushes thoroughly once a week to glide dead hair. Periodically clean the ears and corners of the eyes to avoid infection. Claw checks should also be carried out every 2-3 weeks and shortened if necessary.

European shorthair cat

European shorthair cat. History

The European Shorthair (also called the Celtic cat) is a natural breed of a domestic cat. It comes from Rome, from the empire period. As the conquest of subsequent areas of Europe by the Roman army – wandered and cats. They probably played a cross with a wildcat in shaping the breed.

The breed was recognized by FIFe late, because it wasn’t until 1982. The breed was recognized due to the need to protect the original genes of cats that have been present for centuries on the European continent. The European Shorthair is mainly found in Scandinavia and is rarely found outside of it. Often confused with common roofers, from which it differs in having a pedigree. Currently, breeders of “Europeans” are striving to return to the appearance of cats from the time of the Roman Empire.

European shorthair cat


European Shorthair cat – Celtic Cat – European – Shorthair and Somali cats – III cat. FIFe

EMS code: EUR

  • Origin: Europe
  • Character: friendly, sociable, playful, intelligent.
  • Size: medium to large.
  • Weight: female 3.5-4 kg, males 4-5 kg
  • General appearance: proportional, strong and muscular.
  • Head: slightly elongated, cheeks clear.
  • Ears: large, close together.
  • Eyes: round, slightly oblique, any color is permissible.
  • Nose: Straight.
  • Torso: elongated, well-developed chest, legs proportional to the torso, slightly narrowing downwards, round feet.
  • Tail: medium length, wider at the base, rounded at the end.
  • Coat: short, thick.
  • Color: any color and variety allowed, tabby color is considered to be the most primary.
  • Resistance/susceptibility to diseases: very resistant.
  • Lifespan: up to 20 years

Interesting facts

The term ‘European cat’ is often mistakenly used for every domestic cat without a pedigree, that is, every roofer. Many cats in our yards do not correspond to the breed standard – they are “cat mongrels”, hybrids of the European shorthair cat with other breeds of cats. For example, all semi-longhair roofing cats are hybrids.

The sense of special breeding of the European Shorthair breed on a larger scale is disputable – due to the huge problem of homelessness of roof cats.

The most original coloration of a European cat is considered to be “brindle”, occurring in three variants (spotted, tiger and marbled). The marbled pattern was probably the starting pattern for the other variants.

The European Shorthair has its counterparts in Great Britain and the USA, which were bred much longer. However, the appearance of a British Shorthair cat was shaped as a result of crossing with Persian cats . Cat American Shorthair been more like a “european” although most sold this breed has a very eye-catching silver tabby fur in the formula.

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