Cat Breeds

Cymric cat

Cymric is a long-haired variety of the Isle of Man cat, whose distinctive feature is its naturally shortened tail.

Nature

Cymric is a gentle, calm and balanced cat with a nice disposition. He can be a great companion for people of all ages. He is not overly active, but he likes fun and pranks. Sometimes curious, he can learn how to open doors or cabinets. He gets along well with other pets, including dogs. In addition, these cats like to show their feelings by issuing various sounds, e.g. cooing. Some choose one person, others give the whole family affection.

Cymric cat

Cymric cat. Advantages and disadvantages

Cymric – what is it like? Learn its pros and cons!

Disadvantages

  • some individuals have neurological problems associated with the mutated gene
  • the long-haired variety requires regular care and administration of lint-free preparations
  • breed hard to reach

Advantages

  • nice friendly companion
  • calm, unobtrusive, likes to be close to a man
  • gets along with another cat, but also with a dog
  • will even find itself in a small apartment
Cymric cat

Cymric cat. Health

Cymric anatomical structure – the long-haired cat from the Isle of Man is slightly different from other breeds. His silhouette resembles a rabbit. The forefeet are slightly shorter than most cats, while the hindlegs, slightly contracted, are strong and muscular. In the sitting position, these cats form a characteristic hump on the back – the result of short front paws.

In a place where a normal cat’s tail begins, many manx have a shallow depression, visible from under the slightly tousled coat. This variety is called rumpy. However, not all manx are completely tailless. In cats called stumpy, the tail occurs in a residual form. The trait of missing or shortening of the tail is caused by the dominant gene, which is lethal in homozygous form – it causes the dying of embryos that received a copy of the gene from both the mother and the father in the womb.

All cats without a tail or with a shortened tail are heterozygous (they have one mutated and one normal gene). In contrast, some non-tailed or short-tailed cats may have spinal deformities, partial paralysis, anal prolapse, and other nervous system disorders. Ailments related to this manifest themselves before the fourth month of life, hence the best breeders do not sell cats under this age.

Despite the lack of a tail and the hopping gait of some individuals, most of the manx are no worse in life than other cats. They perfectly hunt mice and rats. Like other cats, they fall on four paws (the tail is helpful, but not necessary). They show the characteristics of European cats, making them more durable and resistant to diseases than many other purebred cats.

Feeding

Cats of this breed have an excellent appetite and may tend to gain weight. Each cat should receive good quality food adapted to age and activity as well as other needs (e.g. for neuter).

Care

The double, semi-long coat requires regular care – it is best to brush it daily and brush the undercoat, which prevents the cat from getting stuck. It is also worth giving regular peeling preparations – it is even necessary during the molting period. Regularly check your ears and trim your nails.

History

Manx, and also cymric is considered one of the oldest breeds, and its origin is associated with many legends – one of them says that the shortened tail is the result of an accident that happened on Noah’s ark. The late cat overslept and slipped onto the ship at the last moment, when the massive door was closing. Unfortunately, Noah accidentally caught his tail in the confusion. From now on, descendants of the late-born animal are to have stumps instead of full tails.

Another legend says that the ancestors of the manx came to the Isle of Man on a ship belonging to the Spanish Armada, which crashed off the island’s coast in 1588. Still another theory was that they are related to Japanese bobtails, however, it turned out that the tail shortening mutations manx and Japanese bobtails are completely different. Whatever the origins of the breed, there is no doubt that the mutation that appeared in the cats inhabiting the Isle of Man quickly spread to a small population.

The International Federation of Cat Breeders (FIFe) recognized the manx breed as early as 1949. If it were to make the decision to recognize the manx now, it might be more difficult, because it has decided to fight genetic anomalies in cats.

However, this breed is very popular in Great Britain. It is also often bred in France, Japan, Scandinavian countries and the United States. In the USA, thanks to crossbreeds of the Isle of Man cats, among others main coons and persians, a long-haired variety of tailless cats known under the name cymric was bred. In Great Britain she is sometimes called a Welsh cat. FIFe recognized this variety in 2006.

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Cymric cat – Shorthair and Somali cats – III cat. FIFe

EMS code: CYM – long-haired manx cat
  • Origin:  Isle of Man, United Kingdom
  • Character:  stable, moderately active, friendly; very loyal and intelligent, resembles a dog in behavior
  • Activity:  average, likes climbing
  • Size:  medium, females slightly smaller than males
  • Weight:  males 4.5-5.5 kg, females 3.5-4.5
  • General appearance: A  characteristic feature of its appearance is the short ridge and deep sides
  • Head:  quite large and round, with a chubby appearance
  • Ears:  medium size
  • Nose:  Medium long, without a clear breakthrough
  • Eyes:  large and round, with a color corresponding to the color of British cats, but it is not that important
  • Torso:  strong and firm, wide chest, short back, deep sides.
  • Tail: the  pattern is distinguished by 3 varieties: rumpy – complete absence of a tail, depression in this place; rumpy riser – there is a slight convexity of the sacrum (and not coccyx); stumpy – there is a short tail, which, however, should not be longer than 3 cm, nor should it be bent or bent; in practice, there are also non-show varieties called: stubby – a cat with a shortened tail, e.g. 1/2; taily / longy – almost full length or full tail
  • Coat: long-haired;
  • Ointment:  all colors allowed, also with any amount of whiteness
  • Resistance/susceptibility to diseases:  resistant
  • Lifespan:  8-14 years (diseased cats live 3-5 years)

Interesting facts

Even after two tailless individuals, kittens with normal long tails can be born, which inherited from each parent a non-mutated version of the gene. It is therefore impossible to breed only tailless or short-tailed cats. Interestingly, the mutated gene is somehow preferred in sperm formation, because in a male sperm carrying this gene can constitute as much as 70% instead of the expected 50%. Therefore, more cats with the mutation are born than it should follow from simple probability theory.

In 2013, as many as 4 different mutations in the T gene were found at manx responsible, among others for tail development. They all cause tail shortening. One of these mutations had 95% short-tailed manx, which means that in addition there must be at least one mutation with a similar effect. The presence of one of these mutations was also found in the American bobtail and pixie-bob breeds.

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