Cat Breeds

Canadian sphynx cat

Will you come from space, a moon cat or a freak of nature? The Canadian sphynx cat is the progenitor of most modern “naked” cats.

Nature

The Canadian Sphinx is a very tender, gentle, intelligent and friendly cat. It is extremely contact, delicate and non-aggressive. He infects his optimism. He loves being with people, actively participates in home life and is an inseparable companion of his guardians. He hates loneliness.

If you like independent cats that take care of themselves and live side by side with their own lives, the Canadian Sphinx is definitely not a cat for you! It is a cat that attaches itself to a person – its guardian, not to the place where it lives. He misses his man as soon as he loses sight of him.

The curious and brave Canadian sphynx cat is not troublesome to travel and he is not stressed by staying in new places, provided that he is with his man. The Canadian Sphinx strives for a daily portion of caresses, likes to sit on his lap, and also be petted and cuddled. He feels a full member of the family.

He murmurs very loudly. The scale of the sounds it makes is very rich.

Kittens are cheerful, curious and very, very energetic. With age, “cat ADHD” stops somewhat, but the animal still remains active. Agility combined with extraordinary intelligence results in the “ubiquitous cat”.

The Canadian sphynx cat likes to play with children and tolerates the presence of other animals at home well. He easily makes friends with every being. He doesn’t like loneliness, that’s why companionship for him is simply advisable. He won’t let his guardian feel abandoned – he can count on a cat’s dose of tenderness at any time.

Canadian sphynx cat

Canadian sphynx cat. Advantages and disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • very demanding in care
  • not suitable for beginner cat maker
  • badly tolerates loneliness
  • he can’t survive without human help
  • not suitable for an outgoing cat
  • vocalizing loudly
  • high purchase price and maintenance costs

Advantages

  • has an endearing, extremely sensitive character
  • is very sociable and loving
  • intelligent, likes to show off his abilities
  • warm and almost naked skin gives a man the impression of closeness and tenderness
  • tolerates traveling well
  • cheerful, lively and active, loves fun

Canadian sphynx cat. Health

After the ancestors of the rex breed, the Canadian sphinx may inherit a tendency to pathological muscle spasms. It is a very delicate breed, sensitive to temperature changes. It’s easy to catch a cold or overheat. Due to the lack of hair, the sphinx is exposed to skin cancer if it is exposed to UV rays for a long time. Cats of this breed often have heart disease – hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and mitral valve dysplasia.

Feeding

He’s a real glutton. This justifies the lack of fur. It requires high-energy, valuable food so that his body can produce more heat.

Care

This breed is quite difficult to care for. It requires bathing and sun and cold protection.

Sphinx skin has sebaceous glands that produce a substance that protects the skin against external factors – sebum. Its excess should be regularly disposed of by bathing or wet wipes.

The Canadian Sphinx with a light coat requires more frequent bathing (aesthetic considerations). On his light body, the accumulating sebum is faster and more clearly visible than in dark-colored cats.

You should wash your sphinx ears regularly. Excess secretions (dark brown, odorless) are removed from the auricle using a damp cotton swab. You can also soak it with neutral fat, e.g. paraffin oil or vitamin A in drops. The Otosol fluid will be great – it is effective and does not cause irritation. Cleaning your ears too often can lead to irritation and inflammation.

The eyes have no eyelashes and often water. You have to wash them with lukewarm water.

If we decide to go outside with the sphinx, we must properly secure it. Before going out into the sun, we grease the cat’s skin with sunblock (especially places without pigment are exposed to sunburn). Creams with a filter for children to work well here. In winter, before going out in the cold, we must put on a cat clothes made of delicate fabric and provide a suitably warm transporter (it is best to hide it under your own jacket).

Canadian sphynx cat – how to bathe it?

The frequency of bathing depends on the cat’s personal cleanliness. We bathe some individuals once a week, others once every 2-3 weeks. Baby shampoos work very well for bathing (breeders recommend e.g. Bambino shampoo with vitamin B3, which does not cause allergies and does not sting the cat in the eyes). Sphinxes, which are accustomed to bathing from an early age, like them and are not afraid of water.

We put a towel on the bottom of the clean tub that will protect the cat from slipping. We fill the bathtub with warm water at 32-36 degrees Celsius – a baby water thermometer makes things much easier. Pour water to a height of about 20-30 cm and turn off the tap. During the bath, if the cat is not used, we do not allow new water, because the noise can scare him. Then the cat put pieces of cotton wool in the ears – they will protect the ear canal from flooding. Gently put the animal on a wet towel. We start washing from the head, first around the eyes, mouth, then trunk, limbs, tail, and finally wash the cat’s perineum and the anal area. At this moment, put off the washer. If corrections are necessary, we must take a new sponge.

The washed sphinx is very gently wiped dry with a soft towel (do not rub the skin hard). We take care that the cat does not cool down. After bathing, the animal should be in a warm room without drafts.

Canadian sphynx cat. History

The earliest sources for hairless cats come from 100 years ago. These types of cats were described in Frances Simpson’s book The Book of the Cat – they were called Mexican Hairless. In the first half of the 20th century, reports about bald cats came from many countries: Australia, New Mexico, Morocco, France, as well as from the USA.

However, the first hairless kitten that inspired the creation of the sphinx breed was discovered in 1966 in Toronto, Canada. It was born in the litter of ordinary short-haired cats due to spontaneous genetic mutation – the presence of a recessive gene that inhibits the natural development of the coat. The bald male was called Prune and the breeding program was started.

Felinologists Yania Bawa and her son Ryadh along with Keese Rita Tenhove tried to preserve this unique mutation and create a breed of naked cats. Initially, the breed was called “moon cats” or “naked Canadian cats.” Later, it gained the new name “Canadian Sphinx,” when during a board meeting about them a bald kitten sat on the table in the position of the Egyptian Sphinx.

Due to too intense crossbreeds within a small group of cats, after some time health problems began to manifest. In 1971, the CFA withdrew its recognition of the breed. The “Canadian Sphinx” cat line has ceased to exist.

In 1975, in Wadena, Minnesota, an ordinary female gave birth to kittens without hair, which was named Epidermis. A year later, a naked female Dermis was born. Both cats went to Kim Mueske, who started another breeding program. Naked kittens again aroused the interest of breeders.

In the 1970s, the first breeding programs of the new breed also started in the Netherlands. The close cooperation of breeders from the United States, Canada and the Netherlands quickly expanded initially small breeding material. In this way, Canadian sphinxes of American and European types were bred.

Canadian sphynx cat

American-style sphinxes have shorter heads because they were only crossed with Devonian rexes and American Shorthair cats.

Breeders in Europe crossed their sphinxes with various oriental, Siamese, Russian blue cats – hence the differences in the type of construction.

Recently, American and European Shorthair cats have been introduced into the Sphinx breeding recently, as it turned out that in the long run rex exerted a negative effect due to hereditary tendency to pathological muscle spasms.

Because FIFe recognized the American sphinx type as the breed standard, breeders from Europe increasingly began to import genetic material from America to bring the offspring as close to the FIFe standard as possible. For many years, European and American felinologists have been conducting selective breeding of hairless cats and this is how the breed we know today is created. The first Canadian sphinx was approved for registration by the American The Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) in February 1998.

Canadian sphynx cat

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Canadian Sphinx – Canadian Sphynx – Shorthair and Somali cats – III cat. FIFe

EMS code: SPH

  • Origin: Canada, USA, Netherlands
  • Character: friendly, sociable, tender and extremely loving.
  • Activity: hyperactive, loves to learn, have fun and explore all angles.
  • Size: medium, males significantly larger than females.
  • Weight: females 3-4 kg, males 4-7 kg.
  • Body: muscular, smooth; medium-length neck, rounded and well-muscled; the neck arch connects the shoulders to the base of the skull, the neck is especially powerful in males; medium to long body; the broad and rounded chest may be slightly cylindrical; belly rounded as after a solid meal, but not fat, so-called pot belly.
  • Head shape: medium-sized, modified wedge with rounded contours, slightly longer than wider; the skull slightly rounded with a flat forehead and protruding cheekbones; profile – small stop; strong, rounded muzzle with a clear chin.
  • Ears: large, broad at the base and open; set straight – not too low and not too high, but also not on top of the head; inside of the ears completely without hair; a small amount of hair on the outer edges and the back surface is allowed; delicately rounded ends.
  • Eyes: large, lemon-shaped, slightly prominent, slightly oblique towards the outer edge of the ear; the distance between the eyes should be slightly larger than the length of the eye itself; the color should match the body color, blue eyes are the most desirable.
  • Nose: gray-blue; a delicate alloy in profile; the tip is underlined with a slight downward curvature.
  • Tail: flexible, tapering towards the tip, like a whip; length proportional to the body; acceptable lion pompom at the end of the tail.
  • Limbs: length proportional to body, medium-strong skeleton and strong muscularity; hind feet slightly longer than the forefeet; front feet wide apart; medium-sized, oval feet with long, slender toes; paw pads thicker than other breeds, which makes the cat looks like he was walking on “air cushions”; fingers very long, slender, protruding.
  • Hair: some patches of skin may be felt when stroking some cats; the cat seems to be devoid of hair, but is covered with a very delicate nap; the kittens’ skin is very wrinkled; acceptable residual hair on the nose, outside of the auricles and tail; Adult cats should keep as many wrinkles as possible, especially on the head, but wrinkles should not interfere with the normal functioning of the cat. Eyebrows and whiskers may be completely absent.
  • Color: all colors accepted, also white.
  • Resistance/susceptibility to diseases: not very resistant, tolerates drafts, cold and heat badly.
  • Life expectancy: 14 years on average
Canadian sphynx cat

Interesting facts

The breed name “Canadian Sphinx” has nothing to do with Egypt or the Egyptian cat. The cat “chose it for himself”. According to a report on the board of CFA David Mare, the breed gained a new name when one of the cats sat on the table in a pose reminiscent of the Egyptian Sphinx.

The statement that the Canadian Sphinx is bald is not entirely true. In fact, his skin is covered with a delicate down, reminiscent of the texture of suede or peach skin.

Suspected exuberance has hidden motives. The cat uses the warmth of people, as well as other animals, to which he cuddles constantly.

The more Canadian Sphinx has a skin fold, the more valuable it is for breeding. Kittens have the most folds and wrinkles.

Kittens are born with drooping ears, it is not until about the third week of life that the ears begin to rise. They open their eyes very quickly, sometimes they are born with already opened blinds.

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