Cat Breeds

Bengal cat

The Bengal cat is a domestic purr in leopard skin. It is a cross between a wild Bengal cat and a domestic cat. Although it looks insane, it is quite demanding inbreeding.

Nature

A Bengal cat is a tender animal and attached to its guardian. He has a great temperament, a balanced character, is lively and extremely curious. Unlike his wild ancestor (felis bengalensis, called the Asian leopard) he doesn’t show aggression, he is gentle and friendly. However, breeders had to work hard to eliminate wild traits from his character.

The first generations of bengals had a rather uneven character – in litters there were individuals with both “home” disposition, as well as slightly wild and distrustful, strongly dominant. Over time, breeding led to a softening and tempering of the character of the Bengal cat. Today he is a charming and cheerful domestic cat – a faithful companion of man.

The Bengal cat is independent, but very sociable. Quite distrustful – he treats strangers with distance and needs time to accept them. She is very attached to her guardian, especially if there is no other cat at home. However, building relationships is a complex and time-consuming process. If successful, the bond will be very durable, and violation of it can have a negative impact on the cat’s psyche.

He always tries to be near a man – reluctantly on his hands, but right next to him, on the sofa, in front of the computer screen or right behind his back and wherever his guardian is currently staying. In his sociability, however, he maintains a certain distance. He will not necessarily like carrying and sleeping together, but in his opinion just being around is a sign of the need to be together.

The Bengal cat does not like changes in its environment and is slowly adapting to the new environment. He feels good among other cats he knows. It is not conflicting, although there are also individuals of dominant nature; without any problems will make friends with the dog, as well as with children.

The Bengal cat is active, agile and cheerful, he eagerly devotes himself to play. He can stay in the flat all the time, but because he learns to walk easily, it is worth taking him for a walk sometimes. Outside, he will be able to train his alertness and agility and satisfy his curiosity.

He is an extremely intelligent cat who easily learns many tricks. The Bengal cat is always willing to play and faithfully accompanies in all household activities, including checking the content of the dishwasher, trash bin or temperature of the pot standing on the stove. You should be careful that the curious Bengal cat does not hurt itself.

It is very territorial and will not allow any intruder to invade your yard, it can even growl like a dog in an emergency. We are happy to make friends with a dog or cat living under one roof, but it may take time.

He runs out called by name and responds in a slightly hoarse voice. The range of its sound possibilities is extremely wide. The Bengal cat squeaks, meows, trills and even growls. Expects the guardian to actively participate in such discussions.

Bengal cat

Bengal cat. Advantages and disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • may have a dominant character
  • very territorial
  • has cuvette problems; adult males and females usually intensively mark terrain (inheritance from wild ancestors)
  • it is difficult to adapt to new conditions and sometimes you have to wait a long time for its trust
  • requires a lot of attention from the guardian, especially if he is an only child
  • rather for an experienced catwoman

Advantages

  • gentle and friendly, builds a strong bond with the guardian
  • sociable, knows and likes to be with people
  • little molting and easy to clean
  • accepts other cats and dogs as long as they live with him
  • intelligent, easy to learn
  • active and inquisitive, loves fun
Bengal cat

Bengal cat. Health

This is one of the younger breeds and so far there have not been many characteristic health problems. Good health bengals owe their wild ancestors. Some individuals may be at risk of gum disease and tooth decay, which is why you need to take care of your cat’s teeth.

There may be a genetic defect PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy), or PRD (Progressive Retinal Degeneration) – progressive degeneration of the retina. Rarely, but pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency also occurs.

Feeding

Like other cats, the Bengal cat should be fed high-quality ready-made or natural type food. It should be borne in mind that this is a very active cat, therefore it requires food with an increased concentration of nutrients. To keep it in perfect condition, food should also have a high protein content, preferably at 40%. Castrated and sterilized cats should receive special food for castrates.

Care

The coat hardly requires any care. Once a week, thanks to a proper, varied diet and combing, it always looks effective. However, do not comb the cat too often. It can even harm him and cause his coat to be damaged. From time to time, of course, you need to check your ears and, if necessary, trim your claws.

Bengal cat

History

In 1961, the young biologist Jean Mill (then Jean Sugden), fascinated by wild Bengal cats (ALC – asian leopard cat), decided to cross a representative of this breed with a black shorthair domestic cat. She managed to get the offspring of these very different species of cats, but due to the death of her first husband, Jean stopped further attempts.

The next stage of the activities that led to the breed was the work of Dr. Willard Centerwall, who at the beginning of the 1970s conducted research on resistance to type C leukemia and tried to assess whether it was possible to inherit this resistance. When it turned out that wild Bengal cats do not have the gene responsible for the development of the disease, he decided to check what would happen when he crosses them with domestic cats. His motivation was not to create a new breed, but to use the results of research in the treatment of human leukemia.

The offspring that he obtained (8 kittens) were donated in 1980 by Jean Mill (the same who started working on the breed). Jean at that time also received 5 other cats and again attempted to obtain next generations of ALC. As a result of crossing with an American domestic cat and an Abyssinian and Egyptian mau, she finally achieved her goal – kittens with a leopard pattern on the fur, reminiscent of their ancestor, but devoid of wild character.

bengal cat

Another person who had an impact on the creation of the breed was the lover of wild cats William Engler. He started work in 1970. By 1975, he managed to breed the third generation (F3), but – as he admitted – it was very difficult. The breeders presented their CFA achievement and the breed was recognized. Two years later Engler died. Other breeders also worked to make the breed grow, e.g. Gordon Meredith, as well as Greg and Elizabeth Kent.

Fascinated by this breed, breeders, continuing the breeding program, shaped the silhouette and character of the Bengal cat so as to strengthen the characteristics that are characteristic of ALC (beautiful spots, “wild” muzzle appearance, small ears, bright, almost white belly, strong contrast between the basic color pattern on the fur) and at the same time minimize the undesirable (round or too oriental head, too thin “waist”, “stop” of the nose, long hair, etc.).

Thanks to very intelligent selection, in subsequent generations the temperament of bengal cats increasingly resembled the temperament of domestic cats. In 1982, Jean Mill introduced the Egyptian mau cat to the genetic pool and thanks to him the Bengal cat has such impressive shiny fur. At the end managed to grow a “perfect” bengal. She was a Millwood Penny Ante female.

bengal cat

TICA granted bengals the status of a new breed in 1986, they first took part in the exhibition in 1985 and the first cat’s title of the breed was won in 1991. The breed was recognized by FIFe in 1999.

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Bengal cat – bengal – Shorthair and Somali cats – III cat. FIFe

EMS code: BEN

  • Origin: United States
  • Character: sociable, playful, intelligent, sometimes dominant, independent and confident; you must earn his trust. Establishes a strong bond with a man, suffers greatly from her breaking. He doesn’t like change, boredom and loneliness.
  • Activity: very active, full of energy; has an athletic figure, likes to hunt and be outside; at home, he “gets” all high places.
  • Size: medium
  • Weight: females 3 kg – 6 kg, males up to 10 kg.
  • Head shape:  broad, triangle-shaped with rounded contours, rather small compared to the rest of the body, with a slightly pronounced fracture; slightly wider cheeks are acceptable in adult males. Profile: the forehead line passing through a delicate arch into the nose line; prominent, high cheekbones; muzzle full, broad, prominent mustache panels; the expression on the mouth strongly differs from the appearance of a domestic cat – it can give a menacing impression.
  • Ears: medium, rounded, broad at the base; located on the top of the head at a maximum distance; in profile, they look leaning forward.
  • Eyes:  oval, large, but not prominent, slightly oblique towards the base of the ears, in a color matching the color – green, brown, gold, blue-green, blue (in the case of snow).
  • Nose:  long and wide, with minimal concavity (stop), with the most desirable lack of “stop”; elongated slightly above the eye border.
  • Tail:  medium length, thick, rounded; has several clear rings and a black tip.
  • Limbs:  Medium length, hindleg slightly longer than forelegs, well muscled; paws large and round.
  • Hair:  short to medium length hair; longer allowed in kittens; dense fur, very delicate and soft to the touch, with a small amount of undercoat; in many Bengal cats, glistening and glistening in the rays of the sun, as if “sprinkled” with gold or silver dust (in English this type of coat is called “glitter”).
  • Ointment: tabby, which can be classic (marbled) or spotted on a cream-orange or brown coat. Marbled cats have a clear pattern in the form of large spots or strands, distributed asymmetrically and resembling patterns on marble. A spotted Bengal cat should have large, randomly distributed spots in the shape of tips or rosettes. In both cases, the contrast between the main color and the drawing must be clear. A characteristic feature is the presence of horizontally arranged irregular chain-shaped spots on the fur. The spots in the lower parts of the limbs become stripes. A dark stripe runs along the spine, and the complement of the coat are stripes on the cheeks and neck and the characteristic “M” on the forehead. Acceptable colors: black classic tabby, black-spotted, sepia classically tabby, sepia spotted (with Burmese pattern limitation), classically tabby, spotted (with Tonkite pattern limitation), snow classic tabby, snow spotted (with Siamese color). On the back of the ears, the so-called ocelli, or light spots, also called the thumbprint.
  • Resistance/susceptibility to diseases: a generally healthy breed
  • Lifespan: 9-16 years

Interesting facts

The Bengal cat is an inter-species mix. The offspring of such a cross often show greater aggressiveness than their parents – this is especially true for offspring from the F1 generation. Male individuals of the first generation are additionally characterized by infertility. Only F4 generations can be home purrs.

For a Bengal cat to be accepted by a felinological organization, it must meet many conditions. In addition to visual features, this breed also takes into account the character. In the standard of the Bengal cat there is a description of the “perfect” temperament. The cat must be curious and active, besides trusting and non-aggressive. As for the appearance, the disqualifying disadvantages of a Bengal cat are: no spots on the stomach, different colors of the paw pads, or the color of the paw pads that do not match the standard. The tail tip color is also important: for varieties 22/24 it may not be in a color other than black or other than dark brown in varieties 31/32/33.

Bengal cat loves water. He gladly splashes in the bathtub with his human friend. He drinks water straight from the tap or from a small tub, inserting both front paws into it. He also sometimes gets to the flowing water (custom inherited from wild ancestors).

There is a long-haired variety of Bengal cat, but it is not recognized by major organizations. In 2013, NZCF (New Zeland Cat Fancy) decided to do it and gave it the name Cashmere.

The Bengal cat is a “cat’s magpie” – he loves shiny objects. He can even steal and hide them as booty!

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